The12th Web Conference of "The Fact" series, has been held with the participation of British and German activists with the theme of Forty years of Islamic revolution of Iran, its challenges and accomplishments.
MWFpress - A new episode of the "The Fact" collection was held with the participation of activists from England and Germany after two years of stagnation.
These web conferences were held regularly with the themes of the International subjects for four years which was started to work on a weekly basis in a more coherent manner after two years of absence.
View full conference video on YouTube
The first conference of these new series was held with the theme of the 40th Anniversary of the Islamic Revolution on Thursday.
Several questions were answered in this web conference lncluding: In your idea, how much was the Iranian government successful in achieving the goals of the Islamic Revolution after forty years? What features of the 1979 revolution in Iran distinguishes it from other revolutions? Why was Iran faced with hostility by the United States and the Western world over the past forty years?
Following is a summary of the questions and answers which are raised in this webinar.
1- What is different about Iran’s 1979 revolution comparing to other revolutions? Shabbir Hassanali: Iran’s revolution was basically to put an end to US hegemony in the region and when you compare it to French revolution, for example, on the surface they look the same and they were some sort of response to repressive power but the difference was that Russian and French revolutions were against local powers, however Iran’s revolution was against USA and Britain’s power and hegemony and this makes Iran’s revolution more special.
Tobias Pfennig: Iran’s revolution was the main anti-colonial movement that happened in the Middle East but there have been other movements around the world which were somehow the same, like in Burkina Faso or Cuba, however the main ambition in Iran’s revolution comes from Islamic ideas.
Fatima Bidar: do you think Iran’s revolution was initially made to remove economic problems or there has been bigger goals?
Shabbir Hassanali: yes one of the incentives was removing economic problems but there have been other aspects like political and religious incentives too which also made this revolution different and deeper comparing to other revolutions.
Tobias Pfennig: there have been other incentives like political and social aspects but we have to know that the main ambition behind almost every revolution is economic problems.
2- How much do you think the revolution could be successful in reaching its goals after 40 years? Shabbir Hassanali: Iran is dealing with many different problems right now especially in economic aspects but it has become a super power in the Middle East and I believe it has reached its goals. It has also become a leader in many different technologies in the Middle East like nuclear technology, nanotechnology, etc. and also it is very important to see that Iran is still strong after 40 years despite all the pressure from foreign countries.
Tobias Pfennig: Iran has definitely solved many problems and achieved many goals, for example it has improved its educational level and now people in Iran are well-educated but most importantly they have gained independence in their foreign and domestic policies.
3- Do you think the strategy of Iran’s government has been beneficial for its people and other countries? Shabbir Hassanali: in terms of international position Iran is very strong for a country that has been under pressure from the very beginning. In the region, Iran has made a valuable image of itself but beyond this region it needs to work more on its image.
Tobias Pfennig: Of course Iran has been beneficial for many different countries in the region like Palestine and Syria.
4- Why has Iran been always a target for USA and many other western countries? Shabbir Hassanali: USA got traumatized in two different occasions because of the revolution; first it was when Shah was removed as he was the puppet of USA and second when Iran occupied the embassy and got all the documents there. Existence of Iran itself is a fear for USA as it’s a great obstacle for the policies of the US.
Tobias Pfennig: there are two things that are actually the reason behind the hostility toward Iran; first is the oil power in which Iran has a great role in controlling it in the region and the second point is that American foreign policy is definitely against Iran’s foreign policy, so these two points would be roots of this hostility toward Iran.
5- What was the flaws and mistakes of the revolution so far? Tobias Pfennig: I don’t want to be critical about Iran’s moves but I believe if Iran would be wiser about some extremists or Jihadists in the region they wouldn’t be now considered as proxies of US wars in the region now for example in the time of uprising in Libya, Iran supported the people who tried to topple Ghazzafi but that became a backfire and lots of those people came to Syria and fought against Iran.
Shabbir Hassanali: I believe a country which is dealing with different pressures and problems would naturally make mistakes. I think the main mistake that Iran made was getting involved in JCPOA as it will bring problems for Iran’s independence.